Civil War Project. Army at Home: Women and the Civil War on the Northern Home Front, by Judith Giesberg, is the first book-length study to look seriously at black and white working-class women’s experiences in the wartime North. Period: 1607 to 1865. Process Process 1: Slavery was a major cause of the Civil War. Go here to test your knowledge with a Civil War … In the West, the United States was expanding, and questions over the territories becoming a slave or fee state caused conflicts in Congress. It was an uncontrollable conflict between the North and South. TARIFF. The photo was taken in September, near Sharpsburg, Maryland, during the Battle of Antietam. In a speech before the Virginia Secession Convention, in 1861, in late April, in the wake of the firing on Fort Sumter, the newly elected — sort of appointed — Vice-President of the Confederacy, Alexander H. Stephens, gave a speech that became quickly known to history as … Gradually, throughout the beginning of the nineteenth century, the North and South followed different paths, developing into two distinct and very different regions. It is often said that history is written by the victors; therefore, many people believe that the Civil War was a result of slavery and secession. Following the Civil War, the Democratic Party reunited, but Democrats residing in the South sometimes advanced different goals for their party than Democrats from the North. Texas was for the most part isolated after New Orleans was recaptured by the US. In Uncategorized. Looking first at the Northern perspective, supplies for the eastern theater came from all parts of the North across an extensive and effective rail net that eventually funneled to Baltimore and Washington, DC. As the Civil War went on, weapon manufacturing, leather goods, iron production, and cotton textiles grew in production in the North. The Civil War was an ideological conflict, developed over decades of painstaking political and intellectual fights that she largely skims past. Scholastic Encyclopedia of the Civil War by Catherine Clinton. The war officially ends when the Union captured President Davis in southern Georgia. The Civil War that raged across the nation from 1861 to 1865 was the violent conclusion to decades of diversification. During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, refers to the United States of America, specifically to the national government of President Abraham Lincoln and the 20 free states and 5 border states that supported it. 1607. After being mere spectators at the war's early battles, civilians in the war zone later would become unwilling participants and victims of the war's expanding scope and horror. Slavery First Slaves Brought to Colonies and sold to plantation owners. President Lincoln Prior to the war about 75% of the money to operate the Federal Government was derived … The Northern Perspective Fort Sumter Fort Sumter was the beginning of the Civil War, it was a major turning point for both sides of the war but mostly to the North. Northern Perspective of the Civil War-George Veintimilla Timeline created by deirdremacneill. 1999. Civil War Maps. Thus, Union forces had to conquer the South in order to win the war. In the Civil War, the Northern states were able to produce 32 times more firearms than their Southern counterparts. Slavery The Northern states of America felt … But California was out of reach and dominated by free soil Democrats. It happened on April 12, 1861, the North had control of Fort Sumter even though it was in the South. On the other hand, for the North to win, the Union had to be restored. Grant overwhelms Lee, and the Confederate commander surrenders. This 1862 photograph shows Allan Pinkerton, head of the Union Intelligence Service. Some Northern Democrats fought for the rights of the working class against business owners and other industrialists while other Northern Democrats defended commerce and industry. Prior to the Civil War there were several significant differences between Northern and Southern states in terms of demographics, occupational opportunities, income–potential, economic classes, production choices, development, and sociopolitical philosophies. Many Southern Democrats, especially in the … Distribute the Civil War Historical Figures Activity Sheet (CW4.3) to all students. The Lutheran Church was no exception. In part, this was the result of the war strategies of both sides. The American Civil War caused splits between Northern and Southern churches in most of the major denominations in the country. However as the course of the war progressed women’s roles changed significantly. With that being said, many women rallied together to help supply troops with food, clothing, money, and medical supplies. Kentucky never completed secession. However, the British had large quantities piled up to last through an extended stall in shipments.They were worried, though. An important facet of your work in presenting the Civil War from the Southern perspective will be in helping your students to put aside their biases for the sake of a deeper, more nuanced understanding of the people, whether northern or southern, black or white, religious or not, who participated in the conflict. Such Northern heroes of the American Revolution as John Hancock and Benjamin Franklin bought, sold, and owned black people. From the Northern perspective, was the American Civil War more about preserving the Union, or abolishing the peculiar institution of slavery? Civil War Washington examines the U.S. national capital from multiple perspectives and allows users to study, visualize, and theorize, the complex changes in the city between 1860 and 1865 through collections of datasets, images, text, and maps. Davis’ War.” Giesberg argues that as women took on new roles, such as working outside the home, they were able to make more demands from federal officials in order to better their lives, such as … Confronting Civil War Revisionism: Why the South Went To War . Divide the class into fourteen groups. Lincoln’s War” and, less commonly, as “Mr. 1995. The rewriting of history in any area is possible only if: (1) the public does not know enough about specific events to object when a wrong view is introduced; or (2) the discovery of previously unknown historical material brings to light new facts that require a correction of the previous view. 1999. The first of three "reconstructive" amendments is passed in December of 1865, and slavery is finally outlawed. EFFECT ON CIVIL WAR Industrial advantages helped the North win the Civil War. If Britain recognized the Confederacy and therefore the Union was against them, they may lose Canada. Plan your lesson in Civil War and Reconstruction 1850-1877 with helpful tips from teachers like you. Civil War by Kathlyn Gay, Martin Gay. From a northern point of view, a large percentage of the livestock wealth of the US in 1860 was located in California, Kentucky and Texas. The supplies then had to be transported from these major ports and railheads to the armies in the field. Northerners have also called the Civil War the “war to preserve the Union,” the “war of the rebellion” (war of the Southern rebellion), and the “war to make men free.” Southerners may refer to it as the “war between the States” or the “war of Northern aggression.” In the decades following the conflict, those who did not wish to upset adherents of either side simply called it “the late unpleasantness.” It is also known as “Mr. At one point, France tried to persuade Britain to recognize the Confederacy, and in many respects, it would have made sense.Great Britain relied heavily on the South for its cotton, to power its textile factories. By the end of the lesson, SWBAT to explain what the common Southern perspective was before the Civil War. Civil War Days : Discover the past with exciting projects, games, activities, and recipes by David C. King. In this informative exploration of the Civil War from the Southern perspective, Walker makes a convincing argument to the contrary, examining ideas and truths many historians may not want you to hear. So striking are such differences that one museum, the American Civil War Center in Richmond, claims to tell the history of three different ideological parties to the war… Northern Life in the Civil War During the American Civil War, Northerners banded together to support the cause of the Union and the soldiers who fought for it. Southern vs Northern States before the Civil War. Most were sent by a Union soldier, Charles Freeman Biddlecom, to his wife, the former Esther Lapham. The American Civil War often seems inevitable in retrospect, but to historians who examine the secession crisis of 1860–61, it does not seem quite so obvious. Several years ago, a thick sheaf of Civil War letters was discovered in an old barn in upstate New York. William Henry Seward, Lincoln's anti-slavery Secretary of State during the Civil War, born in 1801, grew up in Orange County, New York, in a slave-owning family and amid neighbors who owned slaves if they could afford them. To win the war, the South had only to survive. The 19th century saw the Lutheran Church in America torn by doctrinal disputes and rocked by organizational rancor. In 1861 President Abraham Lincoln called the American Civil War “a people’s contest,” a cause that had to be taken up by all: men, women, and children. Most of the fighting during the American Civil War took place on Southern soil. Northern women during the Civil War served many roles including soldiers, nurses, civil rights activists, and abolitionists. Until the Civil War, it was southerners who championed federal institutions, military establishments, an aggressive foreign policy, and expected the federal government to support slavery, especially with the enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Act. Assign one of the following Civil War Historical Figures to each group, and pass out the matching Civil War Historical Figure Sources Handout (CW4.4): Louisa May Alcott (CW4.4.1) Ella Gertrude Clanton Thomas (CW4.4.2) (AP Photo/Library of Congress, Alexander Gardner).